Ramadan is the holy lunar month of Islam. It is one of the five pillars of Islam and every Muslim wants to take full religious advantage in this month. As this is the lunar month Ramadan comes in different seasons the entire year. Fasting is summer is hardest of all the other seasons because in summer season the days are longer and the heat of summer increase the risk of severe dehydration.
Although, it is mentioned in Quran that the people who are sick, fasting is not compulsory for them. Patients suffering from diabetes are also included in that category. But it is noted that more than 50 million people suffering from diabetes fast during this month. In this way they increase the risk of worse conditions. Patient suffering from diabetes type 1, pregnant women and small children have the advantage not to fast in Ramadan. Type 2 diabetes is also risky but the risk is low.
What if they want to Fast?
If a diabetic person still wants to fast in the whole month of Ramadan he should first of all consult his physician and then strictly follow his advices. It should be noted here that every individual is different and his body react differently so you need to properly examine your body by your own physician instead of following other patient’s routine.
The diabetic patients who are also the victim of poor vision and heart or kidney diseases are not encouraged to fast. If you feel necessary break the fast immediately and take medicine.
There are some advices for the diabetic patients who wish to fast during the month of Ramadan.
- Frequent monitoring of your blood sugar is the key to success. Do not let your blood sugar fall below 70mg/dL and above 250mg/dL.
- Foods rich in carbohydrates and fats should be avoided.
- Take in normal and healthy diet before the fast starts. If you will not eat properly then you might develop hypoglycemia which can lead to fatal consequences.
- Drink plenty of water and sugar free fluids before the starting of fats and after breaking the fast in order to cope with dehydration.
- Take exercise but do not involve yourself in much physical labor or even do not spend your entire day sitting idle or sleeping. A little physical activity is very necessary.
- If you take insulin before your meals then you should decrease the quantity of insulin before starting the fast. You should avoid using pre mixed insulin or consult your physician.
- You should eat such foods that are rich in fibers like wheat, oat, seeds, pulses and beans. Slow absorbed foods like rice, pita bread, fruits and vegetables are recommended for the diabetic patients.
- Neither over eat nor leave your stomach empty instead apply the rule of moderate diet. While breaking the fast take in small quantities of food and eat slowly. Avoid sweet and fatty foods and drinks. All these things will help you in the completion of your fast but if you feel any kind of emergency and feel like you are losing strength then immediately break your fast and consult the help of your physician.