According to some narrow minded people, Islam does not allow sovereignty to women and restrict them to get education. But the first five versus of Holy Quran were about getting education. As Allah said,
“Recite in the name of your Lord who created man from a clinging substance. Recite and your Lord is the most Generous -Who taught by the pen -Taught man that which he knew not.”
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It is clear from this verse that there is no distinction of man and woman while getting knowledge. Allah has pointed out towards human being. These versus were revealed on the Holy Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) 1400 years ago when there were no concept of getting education. The city like Makkah was full of ignorant people and Islam taught the significance of knowledge. Especially, Islam concentrated the rights of women. Woman cannot count the blessings of Islam on her presence in this world.
A Great Female Scholar:
Hazrat Ayesha (R.A) was the most prominent companion of Hazrat Muhammad (S.A.W) and her beloved student Urwa Bin Zubair said about her, “I have not seen a scholar like Hazrat Ayesha (R.A) who has complete knowledge of Quran’s explanation, duties, right and wrong, literature and poetry and the history of Arab.” That is why there are 2210 Hadiths associated with Hazrat Ayesha (R.A). She was medical and mathematical expert. Hazrat Abu Moosa Ashara (R.A) said about Hazrat Ayesha (R.A), “Whenever we face any problem, we consult the whole matter with Hazrat Ayesha (R.A) and she guides us with her wisdom.” It is said that she educated 88 scholars.
Islamic Women Scholars:
There are many other female Muslim scholars who have significant importance in the history of the world. The names are Hazrat Safia (R.A) who is declared as a big scholar by Imam Novi (Rehmatullah Alai) of her time. Similarly, Umm-e-Salma (R.A) had also provided her guidance to more than 33 scholars. Hazrat Fatima Bint Qais was also a qualified woman. And there are many other examples in Islamic history for religious and social female scholars. All this debate is pointing out towards the fact that Islam has not bounded anyone for getting education.
Modern Islamic Women:
If you visit Saudi Arabia and other Islamic countries, you will be surprised to see that women are highly qualified and they are also accomplishing the Islamic values. Similarly, when a restriction was held in France for veiling of females, lot of women protested against this law who were the students of Master and PHD programs. Islam has never restricted anyone to get knowledge and this is clear from the following Ahadith,
“Getting education is compulsory for men and women.”
And the other one,
“Get knowledge whether you have to go to China.”
You can have an idea from the above statements that Islam allows both men and women to get education. Islam preserves the rights of women according to its teachings.