Saudi Arabia History

Saudi Arabia History

In the world of Islam, Saudi Arabia requires no introduction. Located between the Red Sea and The Gulf, it is a peninsula spread over an area of 2,194,690 kilometers square with a population going up to 25,000,000 inhabitants. In its surroundings you find Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain and other Arab kingdoms.

As aforementioned, Saudi Arabia holds great importance in the history of Islam as this is where the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) was born and Islam strengthened its roots and stem. Since the old times, several power thirsty leaders have tried to gain control of this little peninsula. From 1517 to 1745, Usmania Caliphate reigned over Saudi Arabia. It was challenged by Wahabi Movement in the year 1745 and was successful in overthrowing the Usmania Power. By the year 1818, Wahabis has gained an overwhelming dominance over the land. To counter this growing Wahabi presence, the Usmanites collaborated with the Egyptians but it did not prove fruitful for long and by the year 1932, the Wahabi leader Ibn-e-Saud became the leader of the land and his descendants are ruling over the peninsula even today.

Till 1950, Shah Abdul Aziz ruled as the King. Upon his death his son, Shah Saud Bin Abdul Aziz took over. However, in the year 1962 relations with Yemen were under immense strain due to which a campaign against him was initiated. As a result he had to abdicate his post. His brother, Shah Faisal took control of the reigns and smoothened out matters with Egypt.
In 1967, Saudi Arabia went on war with Israel with lasted for six days during which Russia and Syria played major parts in intervention. Unfortunately, later on the king was murdered at the hands of his own nephew, Prince Faisal due to which Shah Abdul Aziz landed on the throne.

According to the 1992 constitution, the descendants of King Abdul Aziz Bin Saud will rule over the kingdom and law and regulation will be that defined by Shariah (law of Islam) and the Holy Quran. The country is a living example of what an Islamic country should be like. With thousands of beautiful mosques and Islamic destinations dotted over the peninsula, the law being followed is Shariah and strict measures are taken to ensure that. Special councils and courts are managed and supervised with stringent policies to uphold the name of Islam and what it teaches its followers.

Saudi Arabia is home to the most important place for Muslims, the city of Makkah where the Holy Ka’abah is located. Thousands and millions of Muslims travel all the way to this land to pay a visit to this Holy place and absolve themselves from all the sins. The dress followed in Saudi Arabia has been the same for many years with the men wearing a long gown reaching till their ankles and women wearing veils over their faces and covering their heads outside homes.


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