Quaid e Azam Biography in English & Urdu
Quaid e Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah was born in Karachi on 25 December 1876 . His father was a rich merchant. He led his life with all comforts. He got admission in school at the age of 6 years. He was sent to Bombay for primary education at the age of 10 years, but he returned back to Karachi after one year. He did his matriculation from Karachi. In 1892, he went to London and did bar-at-law. He worked hard for completing his education. He was interested in politics and was impressed by popular political leader Bhai Noor Ji.
In 1896, he came back to Karachi as a barrister. When he came back to Karachi, he came to know that his father got a huge loss in business, but he did not lose hope and went to Bombay for his Practice. He had to face tough conditions there. He faced problems for consecutive 3 years, but did not lose hope. After 3 years, he got a chance through his father’s friend to work with Mr. McPherson. Mr. McPherson accepted him wholeheartedly. With the reference of Mr. McPherson, he got a temporary job of presidency magistrate.
He got chance to show his talent and he proved that he was a brilliant lawyer. During that year government offered him a job with 1500 per month salary, but he rejected the offer and said that he would earn that much amount per day.
In 1906, he participated in a political gathering in Kolkata and addressed the gathering and Dada Bhai Noor Ji was the president at that time. Everyone impressed by his speech. It was the same year when Muslim League came into being.
1n 1910, he was selected as a member of British Indian Imperial Council. He was an important member of congress at that time.
In 1913, on urge of Molana Mohammad Ali Johar and Syed Wazeer Hussain he joined Muslim League. As he had affiliation with congress, because of that he tried hard that both parties work together. He was in favor of Hindu Muslim alliance.
At the end of First World War, British government imposed martial law and banned all political activities. Mr. Gandhi was against the act of British government. He got epithet of ‘Mahatma’.
During these years, Quaid-e-azam realized that his effort for union of congress and Muslim league were not going to be successful. So, he left congress in 1920. From 1924 to 1926, he did not participate in any political activity. In 1930, he participated in round table conference in London. Allama Iqbal was also present in that conference. Quaid-e-Azam due to the conditions of subcontinent, left for England and started his practice there. In 1933, Liaquat Ali Khan and his wife went to London, requested him to come back. He came back in 1930. In 1935, he visited all provinces from Sarhad to Asam and requested all Muslims to get together and vote for Muslim League.
In the short period of 2 years, he proved that Muslim League was a strong party. He refused to accept the title of ‘Sir’ that was offered by British government. On 23 March, 1940, a historical event was conducted in Lahore to present the demand for separate homeland. On 21 May, 1947, Viceroy Lord Mount Baton informed all parties that they were going to divide the subcontinent into two countries: India and Pakistan.
As a result of all his efforts, Pakistan came into being on 14 August, 1947. He was selected as first governor general of Pakistan. But due to continuous hard work he became ill. Doctors advised him to take rest. He went to Ziyarat but he did not recover and died on 11 September, 1948.