Masjid-ul-Haram is the largest mosque of the world. This mosque is situated in Makkah, which is a city of the desert country, Saudi Arabia. The history of this mosque goes back to Hazrat Ibrahim (A.S) and Hazrat Ismail (A.S) who were the first ones to construct it. Masjid-ul-Haram is the most historical mosque of the world.
It is the only mosque in the world where people gather from all around the globe in order to perform pilgrimage. The current Imam of the mosque is Imam Abd-ur-Rehman.
The Bait Allah is located in the middle of Masjid-ul-Haram. The Muslims of the entire world face towards Bait Allah five times a day in order to offer prayers.
The Area of Masjid-ul-Haram
Masjid-ul-Haram spans over an area of approximately 356,000 meters squared. During pilgrimage, about 820,000 people can offer prayers in this mosque at a time.
Reconstruction of the Mosque
The earliest form of Masjid-ul-Haram was quite different from how it appears today. It used to be much smaller. Masjid-ul-Haram was reconstructed in the year 777 during Mehdi’s rule. Then in 1576, the Usmani Turks built white corridors which are present till this day.
The mosque was further renovated during the time of Shah Saud. A lot of adornments were added to Masjid-ul-Haram. Behind the historical Turkish corridors, a two storey building was raised.
Today, during the Saudi times, the mosque has been renovated in order to provide numerous facilities, such as air-conditioning and staircase. Today, Masjid-ul-Haram is a triple storey building which can accommodate around eight hundred and fifty thousand people.
Masjid-ul-Haram contains a total of 112 doors which vary in size. Some of them are small while some are large. The main door in the mosque is known as Shah Abdul Aziz. It is the biggest door of the mosque.
This is a special point in Masjid-ul-Haram, which has a great deal of religious significance. It is the place where Hazrat Ibrahim (A.S) stood while constructing the walls of Bait Allah on the orders of Allah.
The Well of Zamzam
This is another religiously significant place found in the premises of Masjid-ul-Haram. Allah created this special well for Hazrat Ibrahim (A.S) and his mother Hazrat Hajra.
Safa and Marwa
Safa and Marwa are two hills which are connected to the mosque. These hills are among the signs of Allah. One of the rituals performed during pilgrimage involves walking from one hill to the other 7 times.
Masjid-ul-Haram as the Center of Peace
Masjid-ul-Haram has been declared as the center of peace by Allah. Saying prayers in this mosque helps one earn a great deal of virtue. In fact, praying once in Masjid-ul-Haram is equivalent to offering a hundred thousand prayers.