Sindh: Culture and History of Sindh Pakistan


Sindh takes the title of being the second largest province of Pakistan. It is house to the metropolitan city of Karachi which also happens to be the most densely populated city of the country.

Sindh has a history dating back to 6000 BC, credited to several different civilizations that settled down here and for this reason, it is home to diverse cultures and traditions. The Indus Civilization started off from here and the archaeological site of Mohan-Jo-Daro is also located here. Then came Alexander the Great, who traipsed along the Indus River leaving a significant mark through his routes. From 608 to 711 AD, Prince Dahir, local clans reigned over the area along with some other Arab leaders. Although due to their rule Islam was being practiced in Sindh, it was the entrance of Mohammad Bin Qasim into this region that notched up its popularity by several levels. He did not just stay within the boundaries of Sindh but went ahead to several other regions and conquered major pieces of land.

In 1783, Balochi leaders took over Sindh but by 1839, British East India Company gained control of the area due to its rule over the port of Karachi. It was the appreciation of some Hindu residents in the province through which British deepened its roots in Sindh and slowly and gradually gained control over whole of sub continent. It was the Balochis who were against this and targeted several British military centers through different campaigns. Ghulam Muhammad and Abdullah Haroon played major roles in popularizing Muslim League amongst the Muslim natives when it became obvious that the All India Congress is working in the interests of the Hindus only. The capable leaders of this region started a campaign with the help of inhabitants of this province for provincial recognition of Sindh.

Upon the formation of Pakistan, Sindh came to the new country. The residents of this province sacrificed a lot in their struggle for independence and post independence several Hindus numbering up to 1.1. Million migrated to India. The province became a victim to economic and political issues but these were soon resolved and economic and trading activities took full swing and Karachi was declared as the capital. Sindh is known for it strong educational background thanks to Hassan Ali Afandi who is also known as the province’s very own Sir Syed Ahmed khan. He initiated several learning schools all over the province and today the region is known for its educational institutions such as University of Karachi, Aga Khan University and Bahria University. Apart from that, Sindhis are very proud of their culture and tradition and practice them very strictly through their dresses, singing, rituals and similar activities. The region is also known for the Sufis who surfaced here such as Sachal Sarmast, Shah Bhatai, and Sami.


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