History Of Pakistan Railways in Urdu


Pakistan Railways falls under the category of being one of the low cost forms of transportation in the country. Whether it concerns travelling or luggage transference, this governmental institution is the preferred one considering the reasonable rates it offers. Due to the wide geographical spread of the country, it joins different far away cities, districts and towns together eliminating the long distance journeys. This mode of transportation is feasible for a majority of masses considering that it is cheaper to travel in, it is faster and more efficient and safe in comparison to other modes of transportation. It is used by the tourist Industry as well in order to transport the visitors from one destination to another.

The history of Pakistan Railway days back to the 1800’s when Sir Henry Edwards was made the commissioner of Sindh. At that time, Sindh was annexed with Bombay and by getting a special permission from the Governor General, Lord Dalhousie, he started working on the construction of the railway lines. He realized the importance of building a port along the coastal lines and the need to connect various cities through railway lines. Hence, with a structured agenda he went ahead to connect Karachi to Kotri. Then by crossing over River Indus he connected Kotri to Multan and further ahead to Lahore.

Slowly and gradually, they started inaugurating these railway lines. The first one ever to start was the one connecting Karachi to Kotri on 13th May 1861. The next in line was Karachi to Kimari on 16th June 1889 and then so on. With the passage of time they connected wide spread areas as well such as Peshawar to Karachi and Lahore to Multan making it easier for the general masses to commute.
In the year 1885, four of its branches were combined and together they formed a company by the name Punjab and Delhi Railways. This company was purchased by the Indian Secretary of State. Later on, the name was changed to ‘Northwestern State Railways’ in 1886, which got shortened to ‘North Western Railways’.

Upon the formation of Pakistan, the North Western Railways got converted to India Long Route Mile to Pakistan 5048. After independence, Pakistan railways invested a lot to further her railway development. In 1954, the railway lines were expanded from Mardan to reach out to places four times further away. As a result the tracks between Kot Adu to Kashmoor were renovated to meet the modem standards between the years 1969 to 1973. Decisions were taken to double the line connecting the major cities of the country such as Karachi and Lahore. Due to this turn in events, the railtrack from Multan to Khanewal has been expanded and further work is being carried on to complete the project in time.


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