Hazrat Zaineb (???? ????) (R.A) was the greatest and the most respectable lady of Islam. She was a respectful daughter of Hazrat Ali (R.A) and Hazrat BiBi Zahra (R.A), the most beloved daughter of Holy Prophet Mohammad (PUBH). She is known as “Um-e-Kalsoom” and “Um-e-Hassan”. She was married with Hazrat Abdullab Bin Jaffer Tayyar (R.A) who was the nephew of Hazrat Ali (R.A). One of her sons, Hazrat Mohammad (R.A) was a martyr of Karbala. She was a great lady who showed extreme patience after the incident of karbala. Also, she took care of bereaved children, women and young ones of Karbala. Some of her remarkable achievements include her outstanding speech in the court of Yazeed to prove her veracity, her journey to Syria etc. She served Islam and proved truthfulness of Islam on every occasion of her life. The history of Hazrat Zainab (A.S) in Urdu is given here.
Hazrat Zainab (A.S) was the daughter of Hazrat Ali (A.S) and Hazrat Fatima (A.S), the daughter of last prophet Muhammad (SAW). She was born in the most important family in history as her father was Imam Ali, her mother was the daughter of last prophet Muhammad (SAW), her grandfather was last prophet Muhammad (SAW), grandmother was Fatima binte Assad who was the caretaker of Hazrat Muhammad during his childhood and her brothers were Imam Hassan (A.S) and Imam Hussain (A.S). This fact helps her to grow as one of the most important figures in Islam.Hazrat Zainab was the true example of courage, perseverance, and piousness.Hazrat Zainab is also known for her hardships, troubles, and sacrifices she made in battle of Karbala.
Hazrat Zainab Birth
Hazrat Zainab was born on 5 Jamada al Awal in 5 AH (Hijri year). But this date is ambiguous as according to some sources she was born on 1st Shaban in 5 AH. She was the third child of Imam Ali (A.S) and his wife Syedda Fatima (A.S). The first two children were Hazrat Imam Hassan (A.S) and Hazrat Imam Hussain (A.S). As the first two sons of Imam Ali (A.S),Hazrat Zainab was named by the prophet Muhammad (SAW) himself. This name means “the adornment of her Father”. At very early age Hazrat Zainab (A.S) has to play a maternal role due to death of her mother Hazrat Fatima (A.S).
Matrimony and Family
Hazrat Zainab was married to Abdullah ibn Jaffar who was the nephew of his Father Imam Ali (A.S).
After their marriage,both of them live a simple and humble life though Abdullah was rich enough. They donate most of their earnings to charity. For his charity and generosity, he was nicknamed as “ocean of magnanimity” . Hazrat Zainab bore four sons Muhammad, Abbas, Aun and Ali and one daughter Umm Kulthum.
Hazrat Zainab a Great Scholar
Hazrat Zainab was studied from Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) and her father Imam Ali (A.S) had a great knowledge too. These facts helped Hazrat Zainab to gain much knowledge. When Hazrat Ali moved to Kufa, Hazrat Zainab and her family moved with them too. At Kufa, the noble women of Kufa requested through means of their husbands that Hazrat Zainab educate them with their vast knowledge. Hazrat Ali (A.S) accepted their request and Hazrat Zainab started to nurture these women with her wisdom and knowledge. It is also stated many times that the Zainab (A.S) way of teaching and giving speech was very eloquent and impressive too.
Hazrat Zainab efforts and Karbala
The battle of Karbala is famous for two reasons one for the rising and martyrdom of Hazrat Hussain (A.S) and one for the perseverance and courage of one of the noblest women of Islamic history Hazrat Zainab (A.S). In this battle Hazrat Zainab set the example of that bravery, perseverance, and piousness that cannot be found in the history of world. Hazrat Zainab outshined as a truly brave and noble lady and lead the Muslims army when they have lost hope upon their lives.
After the death of Muawiah 1, when Hazrat Imam Hussain claimed the leadership of Muslims, at that time the people of Kufa proclaimed to be under the reign of Imam Hussain(A.S) but when the army of Imam Hussain (A.S) reached Karbala and they needed them the most they did not arrive to join him.
At that time Hazrat Zainab shows great patience. She didn’t mourn for the martyrdom of her two sons because they died in the true path of Allah. After her brother and son martyrdom she said these historical words “O my Lord! Accept our humble sacrifice to You.” After the battle when she returned with remaining Muslim army to Kufa, the governor of Kufa sentenced her nephew Zain al Abidin to death. At this order she threw herself to protect him saying”By God, I will not let go of him. If you are going to kill him, you will have to kill me along with him.” This act prevents the bloodline of Hazrat Hussain(A.S). As a result of this cheat Hazrat Zainab addressed the people of Kufa that
“Praise to Allah, and may the blessing of Allah be upon Muhammad and his progeny. O people of Kufa, you are hypocrites and deceitful. You feign to be sorry for the death of my brother and his companions. May you always shed tears. I find nothing in you but flattery, evil acts, and thoughts, pride and spite and ill-will. By Allah! You deserve lasting sorrow instead of joy. Shame on you, your hands are imbrued with the blood of the son of the Holy Prophet, the one who was your sole refuge in case of adversity. By your evil act and disloyalty, you incurred the -wrath of Allan against you. Woe betide you! No one will intercede with Allah for you.”
After all this Hazrat Zainab and the remaining Hussain army in which most were women and children moved to Yazid’s capital called Damascus. There they were held captives. They were forced to march unveiled which was extreme dignity for Muslim women,especially of prophet Muhammad’s household. When under the order of Yazid his men were beheading the companions of HazratZainab(A.S) she rose and gave the famous sermon in front of Yazid after telling her identity which was the act of great bravery.
Hazrat Zainab Death and Grave
Hazrat Zainab (A.S) died in 62 AH at the age of 57 after some months of stay in Madina.
The source of death is still ambiguous, according to some sources she died from illness of journey,while some say she was assassinated by Yazid army. Her grave like her death is also ambiguous some sources that her grave is in Sayyidah Zaynab Mosque in Sayyidah Zaynab, Syria. But some say that her grave is in Al-Syedda Zainab Mosque in Cairo.