Eid’ is an Arabic word which means “festivity” and Fitr means “breaking the fast”. Muslims observed fast during the whole month of Ramadan. After the month of Ramadan, on 1st Shawal Muslims celebrate a holy festival called Eid ul Fitr.
There are different festivals in different religions. Celebration of Eid ul Fitr started by Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH), he observed fast during month of Ramadan. According to some other traditions, this festival was initiated in Madinah after the migration of Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) from Mecca. Hazrat Anas said:
When Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) came in Madinah, he found people celebrating two specific days. He asked about the nature of these celebrations, they replied that these days were occasions of recreation. At this, the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) remarked that Allah the Almighty has fixed two days: Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha are far better for you instead of these days.
On both these events of Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha, Muslims show gratitude to Allah and these considered as thanks giving days. Act of charity is preferred on these events.
How to celebrate:
- Wake up early in the morning of that day
- Purify yourself and get ready for Eid prayer by wearing best clothes you have (usually new clothes), men should use perfume, have breakfast before going to for prayer and pay Zaka’at.
- Go for prayer, Eid prayer is performed in large and open areas like large grounds. It is recommended to go through different routes to and from the grounds for prayer.
- After saying Eid prayer, the Imam gives Khutbah to people. The Khutbah (sermon) also guides Muslims that how to perform the rituals of Eid. Khutbah is followed by “Dua”.
- After that people greet each other and say “Eid Mubarik”. After the prayer, some people also visit the graveyards.
- For Eid, a special dish made by mixing dates and milk. Sheer Khurma is mostly cooked at that day.
- After Eid prayer children receive ‘Eidi’ from elders i.e. parents and relatives. It is also special occasion to meet your friends and relatives to share the happiness of Eid.
- People also exchange gifts and sweets with each other and give alms to the poor people.