High blood pressure is also known as hypertension, caused by the increase in blood circulation in the body. If it is not treated on time, it can cause brain haemorrhage, coma and even death. For this reason it is vital that it be taken proper care of. The most important thing to know about high blood pressure control what it exactly it, what causes and what are the ways to treat this health condition.

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High Blood Pressure in Urdu

Diagnosis of High Blood PressureTreatment of High Blood Pressure

Heart Pumping and Blood Pressure:
Human body contains 5-6 liters of blood depending on the sex and age. Almost 5 liters of blood passes through the heart and is purified every second. Heart separates deoxygenated blood from oxygenated blood, send the deoxygenated blood to the lungs for getting oxygen and the oxygenated blood to all part of the body. This process is done by the contraction & relaxation of the heart muscles, each cycle called a heart beat. After purifying the blood, it delivers the blood to all body parts through veins and arteries.
The amount of heart beats depends on the flow of blood from the heart. If the pressure of blood flow is high, the heart beat rate will also be higher. Same is the other way around. This increased or decreased blood pressure causes the veins & valves to contract and expand accordingly putting pressure on the blood vessels and the heart.

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  • Headache
  • Vomit
  • Low energy level
  • Weak eye sight
  • Improper working of digestive system

How to measure the blood pressure & its diagnosis:
The first step in high blood pressure treatment is diagnosing whether a patient has high BP of low. If the blood circulation is 140 / 90 torr or higher, then it will be categorized as high blood pressure. 139 / 89 torr pressure is known as pre-hyper tension, which indicates that it is the starting point of blood pressure.

Diagnosis process needs to be carried according to following parameters:

  • Sample should be examined three times in a week.
  • If the blood pressure of the patient is very high then one should wait for half hour then check the blood pressure again.
  • The blood pressure is measured with a strip and from upper part of arm.
  • BP is measured in “mmhg”, which is known as Cardiac Output or heart rate; increased heart rate indicates high blood pressure.

According to the American Heart Association blood pressure in measured in two parameters; Dialectic mmhg and Systolic mmhg. In a healthy human being, the level of systolic & dialectic blood mmhg should be according to the following figures.

  • Systolic mmhg: hypertension < 90, 90 – 119
  • Dialectic mmhg: hypertension <60, 60 – 79
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High Blood Pressure Treatment:
It important to avoid the things that cause high blood pressure in the first place. Hypertension is divided into five stages, first two stages are not very dangerous and by self precautions, you can prevent severe hypertension. At this stage patient should avoid foods with high fats, smoking & exercise regularly. Salt is the main cause of high blood pressure and drug therapy & Beta blockers are suggested for the patients. Eating a healthy diet and emphasizing on natural diet like fruits and vegetables can help control blood pressure a lot. If you have developed High BP, it is very important that you get checkup every now and then. Lastly, it depends on you that how much you are willing to control hypertension. Take things lightly, take exercise, take some time out for yourself away from routine life, go out with friends and add fun to your life. You won’t even know when you came out of it.


  1. sir meri mother ko bp up ka bht msla hh bht tnshn bni hoi hh unki umar 50/60 year k lg bhg hh unko aairan vali cheez msln taqt vali cheez sy b bemari hh jild pr nishan mtlb danay bn jaty hain bina pani valay hatho main b or pero ki tliun main b isliey aairan bilkul mna kiia hh doctar nay chahy vo tblt ki surat main ho yaa chahy frute ki shkal main jb b khati hain vohi bemari shuru ho jati hh or 6 month bd ab kush theek hoi hain phir apple khany sy unko kharish shuru ho gai ab vo theek hoi tu phinsian bn gai tang pr or vo kafi brrdi ho gai phr ab bacroban tube istmal kr rhy hain ab dekhin kya bnta hh doctar ka kehna hh k apka bp control ho jaiy tu sb theek ho jaiy ga kiun k unka bp 200 tk b aa hh neechy vala 110/120 pr plz help kr dian mjy kush bta dian k hmain kya krna chaiey yaa koi essa doctar jo is bemari ka janta ho plz help me plz i m vry vry upset plz help

  2. R/sir, you have discuss the blood pressure in a very good ways but sory i fell one shortcoming in it that you haven,t recomended the treament of medicine that which medicine can help full in this disease it is hoped that you will recomand the medicine in the future thanks

  3. This high BP thing ruined my life.. i am using tablets(beta-blockers etc), and i tell you, every hypertension tablets have side effects.

    • ASslam o Alaikum

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  4. Sir meri ami ki age 50 year ha or unki jild par har masam main sy keel ban jaty hain or ami dhop main ni ja skti kharish shoro ho jati ha or unky sir ki jild bhut khush ho gai ha or hair fall shoro hogya ha plz kuch advise kar dain plz

  5. will you pls tell me how can we control,or level the Blood pressure of Lungs.is there any homeopathic or herbal medicine available to control Blood pressure of lungs.

  6. Sir i m 24yrs old and patient of high blood preasure i use to avoid salt.and i take eazy day 50mg daily i want to get rid of tablets plz tell me the natural way to control my bp.