Jujube fruit also known as Bair and Indian berry is grown vastly in India and Pakistan. The history of jujube is 4000 years old and evidence of its use as a fruit and medication have been vastly found. There are three main types of jujube found in the Indian subcontinent; Takhmi, Paywandi and Jhari.
Tahkmi jujube is of circular shape with red color and is usually grown in houses and small farms. It tastes both, sweet and sour. Paywandi jujube is little green in colour and are sweet in taste. They are grown on commercial scale, are larger in size and widely sold across the region as a popular summer fruit. Jhari bair grows on infertile soil and is mostly found in forests. Its taste is sour. Other minor types of jujube found in India are Narma, Karaka, Umri, Gola, Kheera and Khoto. Jujube is an important minor fruit of India, it is also imported from India to throughout the world and fetches its’ farmers a good price.
In terms of medication, it can be called a sibling of apple because of the advantages it has. Jujube can be eaten in any form, fresh, dried or canned. All types of jujube trees are capable of growing in any type of soil without soil fertility being the basic factor. They grow best in hot, dry and humid weather. Jujube trees don’t require any care or excessive watering. Surprisingly jujube contains equal nutrients to that of apples and some jujube also taste like an apple. Jujube is a rich source of Vitamin C and sugar. Jujube tree helps to cure sore throats due to its soreness. It also helps to improve stamina and strength.
Jujube is an important antitoxicant and is used by Muslims to give the last bath to the dead. It keeps insects and reptiles away from the body of the deceased still keeping the body soft. Washing head with its leaves cleans the head from all sorts of infections.